Getting Started as a Creator of Game Content
So you are interested in creating content for the project? Great! Welcome!
Whether you are a coder, graphic artist, musician, or web guru, there are some steps to take to get started as a productive participant. You may not be familiar with the development environment and tools used in the Widelands project, so this page is intended to outline what is needed by a creator of content. It CAN get a bit technical in places, but have courage, most of those tasks are one-time set-ups. (Remember that you are invited to post any questions you may have in the forums or the IRC Chat.) So let's dive in.
- Getting Started as a Creator of Game Content
- Launchpad Interaction with Bazaar
- Media Trunk
- Main Trunk
- Graphics Development
- Music & Sound Development
- Campaign & Scenario Development
- Language Translation
- Website Development
- Code Development
All of the files that make up the source code, documentation, graphic and audio content of Widelands is maintained in one of three repositories ("trunks") on Launchpad.net
- The main development "trunk" - contains all of the application-related files, (i.e. everything that is needed short of a compiler and libraries to build and compile an executable version of the game.)
- The "media trunk" - contains the graphic and audio sources used to generate Wideland's visual and audio content.
- The "website trunk" - contains the code that supports this website.
Establishing a Launchpad.net Account
Just as the main repositories are referred to as "trunks" on Launchpad, revisions from development are referred to as "branches". More on that later.
While you don't need an account to download branches from Launchpad, a Launchpad.net account is required if you wish to effect any changes.
This link will take you to the Launchpad website page for setting up a new account.
NOTE: If all of this technical mumbo jumbo is just TOO daunting, there are other avenues that can be taken for art, music and sound. It is just that by working directly with Launchpad, you eliminate a lot of extra work to prepare your creations for use in the game. It is the PREFERRED path, not the only one. Again, let us know if you are having challenges by posting something in the IRC Chat, Forums, or a message to the Elder of your choosing.
SSH Key Description and Use
Launchpad trusts that you are who you claim to be. Later, such as when you're using the bug tracker's email interface, you'll need to use an electronic signature to prove your identity.
A Secure Shell or SSH is a network protocol that allows data to be exchanged using a secure channel between two networked devices, encrypting and decrypting the data to ensure it is received by the intended party and no one else. At the same time, it assures the recipient that they are dealing with whom they think they are.
This link takes you to where the Launchpad site documents the process of setting up an SSH Key pair for use in Launchpad.
Launchpad Interaction with Bazaar
Well, with all of the program development projects that are housed on Launchpad.net, including our Widelands effort, there is a need to keep track of the changes/revisions that are constantly being made to the programs and content of all of those many projects. The Launchpad.net website utilizes a free Open Source utility called Bazaar for the task of version control. It is through Bazaar (bzr) that all uploads and downloads to Launchpad are performed. Bazaar keeps track of every change that is made and "committed" (or finalized) to every branch and trunk. This allows changes from multiple developers to be merged without impacting another's work and it facilitates backing out changes that are not wanted. Yes, Bazaar has a lot to do and plays a very important role in keeping things manageable.
The BzrPrimer page is an excellent reference for getting started with Bazaar. It refers mainly to the main development trunk (lp:widelands), but the media trunk (lp:widelands-media) and the website trunk (lp:widelands-website) are developed in the same way. (By the way, you have likely already guessed "lp" stands for Launchpad.)
The bzr commands are well documented in manuals on the Bazaar website.
Here are some terms you may come across in the bzr documentation and in general use here:
- trunk - the "official" collection of files that comprise the project. These files have all been reviewed and are considered acceptable for use in the program.
- branch - a folder of files under development. A branch can be a full copy of the trunk (created locally with the "bzr get" command) or a small subset of files currently being worked on.
- tree - any trunk or branch that has one or more revisions.
- checkout - used to refer to a copy of the trunk or of another branch to review and/or work on locally on your machine
TIP: Qbzr - Is an optional utility (really an extension of bzr) that can be used in concert with Bazaar. It provides a graphical user interface (GUI) which makes log inquiries and other tasks a little easier. Here is a Link to its homepage. Windows users also have the option of TortoiseBzr which provides a GUI for use in the Windows operating system.
The Media Trunk (lp:widelands-media/trunk) contains files that were used to create the media used in the game. It is structured as follows:
|.bzr||files pertinent to version control (Do not modify)|
|graphics||sources, tools and templates which support the graphic content|
|campaigns||campaign art arranged by tribe|
|blender_resources||materials, textures, and sundry .blend files for general 3D modeling|
|blender_set_templates||empty templates with rendering stages for 3D models|
|pngs||2D images, loading images arranged by world|
|structure_templates||template directories to organize new tribes and worlds|
|tools||python scripts and quality control references|
|tribes||2D and .blend 3D sources of tribe-specific game art organized by tribe|
|user_interface||2D images for menus, icons, borders, etc.|
|wiki||2D art for the wiki|
|worlds||2D and .blend 3D sources of world-specific game art organized by world|
|src||files which support the music content|
|src||files which support the sounds content|
The Main Trunk (lp:widelands/trunk) contains the files that go into building the executable version of the game.
For our purposes, the following lists the Main Trunk folders which are of concern to artists and musicians and a second list for your information of those folders with which an artist or musician rarely if ever may deal:
Folders of primary interest for artists and musicians
|global||2D game art common across tribes and worlds|
|music||.ogg music files used in the game|
|pics||2D graphic files for the user interface, map editor, and for general use on the game board|
|sound||non-music .ogg sound files that enhance game play|
|tribes||2D game art specific to each tribe (worker and building animation, wares, frontiers, etc.)|
|worlds||2D game art specific to certain worlds in the game (terrain, trees, animals, immovable objects, etc.)|
Folders usually of no concern to artists and musicians
|.bzr||files pertinent to version control (Do not modify)|
|build||for use by those packaging the game|
|cmake||program coding tools|
|data/campaigns||game maps for the campaigns|
|data/i18n||language configurations and font sets used in the game|
|data/maps||game map files that are packaged with the game|
|data/scripting||.lua files that provide criteria for game play and control|
|data/tribes||definition of all the tribes|
|data/txts||text files accessible by the player (tips, readme, etc.)|
|data/world||definition of world objects, like trees and terrains etc.|
|doc||sundry documentation for developers|
|po||files used in language translation|
|src||program source code of the game|
|utils||python scripts and other files used by coders for testing, debugging, etc.|
See the GraphicsDevelopment page for details.
Music & Sound Development
See the AboutAudio page for details.
Campaign & Scenario Development
See the TranslatingWidelands page for details.
See the HomepageTodo page for details.
See the Developers Page for details.